Kings of the Belgians since the establishment of the monarchy in 1831:
King Leopold I
King Leopold II
King Albert I
King Leopold III
Reigned 1934-1951; abdicated
(his brother Charles was regent 1944-1950)
King Albert II
Reign 1993-2013; abdicated
Belgian Royal News
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Belgium and the Monarchy: From National Independence to National Disintegration by Herman Van Goethem. Shows how the monarchy in Belgium has changed with the times.
A Throne in Brussels: Britain, the Saxe-Coburgs and the Belgianisation of Europe by Paul Belien. Looks at the history of Belgium and its royal family, and argues that both Belgium and the European Union are artificial states that could fall apart.
The Dining Nobility: From the Burgundian Dukes to the Belgian Royalty edited by Paul Janssens and Siger Zeischka. Looks at what the Belgian nobility ate from the Middle Ages to modern times. This book is in English and French. The French title is La Noblesse á Table.
Belgium: A History by Bernard A. Cook.
The Low Countries, 1780-1940 (Oxford History of Modern Europe) by E. H. Kossmann. This history of Belgium and the Netherlands is the first major study in English to treat them as nations in their own right, while placing them in a wider European and world context.
A History of the Low Countries by Paul Arblaster. The history of the Benelux area (Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg) from Roman frontier provinces to the year 2011.
Historical Dictionary of Belgium by Robert Staellaerts. Highlights significant people, describes political and social institutions, and touches on Belgian culture.
A House Divided by Carl Strikwerda. Belgian politics before World War I.
Charlotte & Leopold: The True Story of The Original People's Princess by James Chambers. The tragic true story of the doomed romance between Charlotte, heir to the British throne, and Leopold, first King of the Belgians.
My Dearest Uncle: A Life of Leopold, First King of the Belgians by Joanna Richardson. Biography.
King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa by Adam Hochschild. King Leopold II did not much care for his native land or his subjects. Even so, he searched the globe to find a colony for Belgium. When he found a suitable location in what would become the Belgian Congo, Leopold established a rule of terror. (This review © Amazon.com.)
King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule by Mark Twain. Criticism of King Leopold II is nothing new, as this sarcastic 1905 work proves.
Leopold II: Butcher of the Congo by Tod Olson. Children's biography of the infamous Belgian king from the "Wicked History" series.
Albert: King of the Belgians by Evelyn Graham. An authorized biography, first published in 1929. Illustrated.
Outrageous Fortune by Roger Keyes. King Leopold III was accused of treason for surrendering to the Germans in World War II, but Keyes says he was a scapegoat who saved the British from defeat in 1940.
All for Love by Dan Jacobson. It was a great European scandal: She was Princess Louise, daughter of King Leopold II of the Belgians. Her lover was Second Lieutenant Géza Mattachich. Ahead of them lay assignations, a duel, imprisonment, bankruptcy, madness.