Mary II was the daughter of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland) by his first wife, Anne Hyde. She married a Dutch prince, William of Orange, who was her first cousin and, like her, a Protestant. The match was made for political reasons, and Mary disliked her husband at first but eventually fell in love with him.
James II, who was Catholic, came into conflict with England's Protestant parliament. In 1688, at the invitation of English political leaders, William led the "Glorious Revolution" against James II, who fled to France. William and Mary became the new monarchs of the United Kingdom, reigning jointly. Queen Mary II died in 1694 and King William III died in 1702. Because William and Mary had no children, Mary's sister Anne succeeded to the throne after William's death.
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William and Mary: Heroes of the Glorious Revolution by John Van Der Kiste. A dual biography of William III and Mary II.
William III & Mary II: Partners in Revolution by Jonathan Keates. Britain's only ever joint monarchs, William and Mary changed the course of the country's history. From the Penguin Monarchs series.
Redefining William III: The Impact of the King-Stadholder in International Context edited by Esther Mijers and David Onnekink. Essays discussing William's reign.
William III, The Stadholder-King: A Political Biography by Wouter Troost, translated by J. C. Grayson. William's main motivation in accepting the English crown was to aid the struggles of the United Provinces against Louis XIV's France. This book analyzes his formative years as Stadholder and soldier.
Family, Culture and Society in the Diary of Constantijn Huygens Jr, Secretary to Stadholder-king William of Orange by Rudolf Dekker. Starting with the analysis of the diary kept by Constantijn Huygens Jr in the second half of the 17th century, this book sketches a view of life among Dutch regents and at the court of William and Mary, including an eyewitness account of England's Glorious Revolution.
Ungrateful Daughters: The Stuart Princesses Who Stole Their Father's Crown by Maureen Waller. In 1688, seven prominent men invited William of Orange to intervene in English affairs. But it was the women, Queen Mary Beatrice and her stepdaughters Mary and Anne, who played a key role in this drama.
Going Dutch: How England Plundered Holland's Glory by Lisa Jardine. In 1688, Dutch ruler William of Orange's Glorious Revolution forced Britain's James II to abdicate. Why wasn't this coup recognized as a conquest? According to this book, the Dutch had effectively conquered Britain long before William arrived.
The Queen's Devotion by Jean Plaidy. A novel about Britain's Queen Mary II, originally titled "William's Wife," from Plaidy's Queens of England series.
The Three Crowns: The Story of William and Mary by Jean Plaidy. Novel about British monarchs James II, William I and Mary II from Plaidy's Stuart Saga series.
Royal Sisters: The Story of the Daughters of James II by Jean Plaidy. Novel about Britain's Queen Mary II and Queen Anne. Originally published in 1966 as "The Haunted Sisters." From Plaidy's series The Stuart Saga.
The Glorious Revolution by John Miller. An authoritative introduction.
The Glorious Revolution by Eveline Cruickshanks. A radical reassessment of the origins, circumstances, and impact of the Revolution.
Revolution: The Great Crisis of the British Monarchy, 1685-1720 by Tim Harris. Everyone in Britain still lives under the shadow of the Glorious Revolution of 1688. It was a massive, brutal and terrifying event which completely changed the governments of England, Scotland and Ireland.
William III and the Godly Revolution by Tony Claydon. The first full account of William III's propaganda during his reign in England. The king solved his ideological problems by posing as a ruler sent by God to protect the Protestant religion.
The Final Crisis of the Stuart Monarchy edited by Tim Harris and Stephen Taylor. Essays about the Glorious Revolution that transformed Britain and its empire.
The Last Revolution: 1688 and the Creation of the Modern World by Patrick Dillon. A vivid portrait of Britain's last great political struggle, during which King James II was driven from his palace by night while King William III rode in at the head of a foreign army.